Test questions - 10

 

1. Give general description of the class Mammalia. What animals do they descend from?

2. How are monotremes different from other mammals and similar to the reptiles?

3. What are the main characteristics of marsupials?

4. How are placentas different from other mammals? What is placenta?

5. Recount the features of the main Orders of Mammals.

6. What are hoofed mammals?

7. What are primates?

8. What are carnivores?

9. What are rodents?

10. Explain how different mammals are adapted to different environments and food. Give relevant examples.

 

 


 

General questions

1. How do we classify protozoans? Describe the main representatives of each class.

2. What diseases are caused by protests? Class Sporozoa (parasitic protozoa).

3. Describe the structure of protozoans.

4. Describe the class Mastigophora.

5. Describe the class Sarcodina.

6. Describe the class Ciliophora.

7. Describe animal-like protists.

8. What are the ways protists reproduce?

9. What are invertebrates? Describe generally simple invertebrates.

10. What is the job of each cell layer in a sponge?

11. How many tissues are found in coelenterates?

12. How are coelenterates more complex than sponges?

13. Describe the three main classes of coelenterates.

14. What are the main characteristics of the endoderm and ectoderm layers of freshwater hydra?

15. What are the main pecularities in structure and nourishment of hydra? Describe its similarity with protests.

16. What is the structure of hydra nerve system?

17. What is cnidoblast?

18. How do coelenterates reproduce?

19. What kind of structure do coelenterates have?

20. In what way are hydras, jellyfish, sea anemones and corals different?

21. Determine the main characteristics of the Phylum Plathelminthes.

22. Recount the main features of the Roundworms.

23. The structure, importance and the main representatives of segmented worms.

24. What is double-sided symmetry? Why is it different from the radial symmetry?

25. What animals are called self-fertilizers?

26. What is the life cycle?

27. How can understanding the life cycles of parasites help us control some diseases?

28. Outline the life cycle of the pork tapeworm.

29. What is the difference between many-cilia and little-cilia worms?

30. What classes do mollusks consist of? Describe their special structures.

31. Describe respiration in a coelenterate, an earthworm, an aquatic snail.

32. How do we classify arthropods? Recount the main features of their external structure.

33. Methamorphosis, social behavior and wide-spreading of insects.

34. Describe the class Crustacea’s respiratory, digestive and reproductive systems.

35. How do mollusks protect themselves?

36. What is the function of an echniderm’s spiny skin?

37. What classes do mollusks consist of?

38. What is a closed circulatory system? An open one?

 

39. Recount the main features of Phylum Chordata and subphylum Vertebrata.

40. Determine the characteristics of the two main classes of fish.

41. How does an endoskeleton differ from exoskeleton?

42. How does a closed circulatory system differ from an open one?

43. How are vertebrate nervous systems different from invertebrate nervous systems?

44. How do fish move and get oxygen in water?

45. What is spawning?

46. Describe the two main groups of Amphibians.

47. How are amphibians alike?

48. How does temperature affect amphibians?

49. What are some differences between frogs and toads?

50. Metamorphosis, hiobernation and estivation of amphibians.

51. In what ways do salamanders differ from lizards?

52. What are the four main groups of reptiles? How are thy alike?

53. How are reptiles different from amphibians in reproduction?

54. What is the structure and function of the reptile heart?

55. In what ways do snakes help people?

 

56. Describe the ways in which many birds are built for flight.

57. What is the advantage of maintaining the constant body temperature?

58. How do birds differ from other vertebrates?

59. What are the ways birds are helpful and harmful for humans?

60. What kind of structure do birds have?

61. Digestive and reproductive systems. Metabolism.

 

62. Describe the class Mammalia generally. What animals are they descended from?

63. How are monotremes different from other mammals and similar to the reptiles?

64. What are the main characteristics of marsupials?

65. How are placentas different from other mammals? What is placenta?

66. Recount the features of the main Orders of Mammals.

67. What are hoofed mammals?

68. What are primates?

69. What are carnivores?

70. What are rodents?

71. Explain and give examples of how different mammals are adapted to different environment and food.

 

 


6. Human Biology

 

Introduction

Scientists believe that humans evolved from a primate that lived about 2 million years ago. The humans who have developed since that time have a number of unique characteristics. The most important is the brain. The human brain is the most complex biological structure known to exist in any organism.

Over the last 700 years, researches have learned a great deal about the human body works. Scientists have identified the dozens of types of cells that form tissues and organs and they have learned how groups of organs work together as systems to sustain life. In recent years scientists have even found ways to improve and prolong the lives of humans by using transplanted and artificial organs to replace those body parts that are diseased or injured.

 






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