Information sources of foreign media. World news agencies

World news agencies - the leading news sources of foreign media. The role of news agencies in the creation of a global information space.
"Associated Press" - "AP", The largest U.S. Information Agency.
"United Press International" - "UPI", The second-largest U.S. Information Agency.

The agency "Reuters". The main British news agency.
The agency "France Presse" - "AFP." Commercial enterprise that is both subsidized and the French government.
Agency "ITAR-TASS". News Agency of Russia.
Participation of international news agencies in the international information exchange in the foreign propaganda.

A news agency is an organization of journalists established to supply news reports to news organizations: newspapers, magazines, and radio and television broadcasters. Such an agency may also be referred to as a wire service, newswire, or news service.

News agency, also called press agency, press association, wire service, or news service, organization that gathers, writes, and distributes news from around a nation or the world to newspapers, periodicals, radio and television broadcasters, government agencies, and other users. It does not generally publish news itself but supplies news to its subscribers, who, by sharing costs, obtain services they could not otherwise afford. All the mass media depend upon the agencies for the bulk of the news, even including those few that have extensive news-gathering resources of their own.

The news agency has a variety of forms. In some large cities, newspapers and radio and television stations have joined forces to obtain routine coverage of news about the police, courts, government offices, and the like. National agencies have extended the area of such coverage by gathering and distributing stock-market quotations, sports results, and election reports. A few agencies have extended their service to include worldwide news. The service has grown to include news interpretation, special columns, news photographs, audiotape recordings for radio broadcast, and often videotape or motion-picture film for television news reports. Many agencies are cooperatives, and the trend has been in that direction since World War II. Under this form of organization, individual members provide news from their own circulation areas to an agency pool for general use. In major news centres the national and worldwide agencies have their own reporters to cover important events, and they maintain offices to facilitate distribution of their service.

In addition to general news agencies, several specialized services have developed. In the United States alone these number well over 100, including such major ones as Science Service, Religious News Service, Jewish Telegraphic Agency, and News Election Service. Specialized services in other countries include the Swiss Katholische Internationale Presseagentur, which reports news of special interest to Roman Catholics, and the Star News Agency of Pakistan, which supplies news of Muslim interest in English and Urdu.

 

The oldest news agency is Agence France-Presse (AFP). It was founded in 1835 by a Parisian translator and advertising agent, Charles-Louis Havas as Agence Havas. Two of his employees, Paul Julius Reuter and Bernhard Wolff, later set up rival news agencies in London and Berlin respectively. In 1853, in Turin, Guglielmo Stefani founded the Agenzia Stefani, that became the most important agency in the Kingdom of Italy, and took international relevance with Manlio Morgagni.

In order to reduce overhead and develop the lucrative advertising side of the business, Havas's sons, who had succeeded him in 1852, signed agreements with Reuter and Wolff, giving each news agency an exclusive reporting zone in different parts of Europe.

Agence France-Presse (AFP), French cooperative news agency, one of the world’s great wire news services. It is based in Paris, where it was founded under its current name in 1944, but its roots go to the Bureau Havas, which was created in 1832 by Charles-Louis Havas, who translated reports from foreign papers and distributed them to Paris and provincial newspapers. In 1835 the Bureau Havas became the Agence Havas, the world’s first true news agency. Stressing rapid transmission of the news, Agence Havas established the first telegraph service in France in 1845. Between 1852 and 1919 the agency worked in close collaboration with an advertising firm, the Correspondance General Havas. Staff correspondents for the agency were stationed in many world capitals by the late 1800s.

The Associated Press has been breaking news since it was created in 1846. That year, five New York City newspapers got together to fund a pony express route through Alabama in order to bring news of the Mexican War north more quickly than the U.S. Post Office could deliver it. In the decades since, AP has been first to tell the world of many of history’s most important moments, from the assassination of Abraham Lincoln and the bombing of Pearl Harbor to the fall of the shah of Iran and the death of Pope John Paul.

More than 30 AP journalists have given their lives in this pursuit of the news.

One reason for AP’s longevity has been its ability to adapt quickly to new technologies. When it was founded, words were the only medium of communication. The first private sector organization in the U.S. to operate on a national scale, AP delivered news by pigeon, pony express, railroad, steamship, telegraph and teletype in the early years. In 1935, AP began sending photographs by wire. A radio network was formed in 1973, and an international video division was added in 1994. In 2005, a digital database was created to hold all AP content, which has allowed the agency to deliver news instantly and in every format to the ever expanding online world. Today, AP news moves in digital bits that travel nearly as quickly as the news itself unfolds, to every platform available, from newspaper to tablets. AP’s video division is now the world’s leading video news agency.

Often called the “Marine Corps of journalism”—always first in and last out—AP reports history in urgent installments, always on deadline. AP staff in 300 locations in more than 100 countries deliver breaking news that is seen or read by half the world’s population on any given day. It remains a not-for-profit cooperative, owned by 1,500 U.S. newspapers, which are both its customers and its members. A Board of Directors comprised of publishers, editors, and broadcast and radio executives oversee the cooperative.

Even in this digital age, AP remains the definitive source for reliable news across the globe. While the company has gone from distributing news via pony express to instantaneous digital transmission, its news values and mission remain the same.

“The people of the AP are part of the fabric of freedom,” said former board chairman Frank Batten. “They are the honest messengers, mostly anonymous, far from the limelight, often at risk and always committed to getting out the news as thoroughly and as accurately as possible.”

The AP is one of the largest and most trusted sources of independent newsgathering, supplying a steady stream of news to its members, international subscribers and commercial customers. AP is neither privately owned nor government-funded; instead, as a not-for-profit news cooperative owned by its American newspaper and broadcast members, it can maintain its single-minded focus on newsgathering and its commitment to the highest standards of objective, accurate journalism.

Since 1907, United Press International (UPI) has been a leading provider of critical information to media outlets, businesses, governments and researchers worldwide. UPI is a global operation with offices in Beirut, Hong Kong, London, Santiago, Seoul and Tokyo. Our headquarters is located in downtown Washington, DC, surrounded by major international policy-making governmental and non-governmental organizations.

UPI licenses content directly to print outlets, online media and institutions of all types. In addition, UPI's distribution partners provide our content to thousands of businesses, policy groups and academic institutions worldwide. Our audience consists of millions of decision-makers who depend on UPI's insightful and analytical stories to make better business or policy decisions.

In the year of our 101st anniversary, our company strives to continue being a leading and trusted source for news, analysis and insight for readers around the world.

The Canadian Press

The Canadian Press was created by newspaper publishers in 1917 to facilitate the exchange of news across a vast and sparsely populated country. During the First World War when publishers were desperate to bring news of Canadian troops in Europe to their readers, The Canadian Press began generating its own news copy and its war coverage transformed it from a distributor of information to Canada’s national news reporting agency.

Today, The Canadian Press is a dynamic, agile, bilingual news agency, driven by leading-edge technology and the ability to serve multimedia news to multiple platforms. It provides real-time text, photos, audio, graphics, video and online services to newspapers, broadcasters, publishers, websites, wireless carriers, cable companies, government and corporate clients.

Past generations of journalists who practised their craft to the beat of teletype machines would find the modern Canadian Press newsroom a strange beast indeed. But some things would still feel comfortably familiar. As a trusted independent news agency moving forward to be even more vital in this new digital era, The Canadian Press continues to be an organization driven by a quest for first-rate journalism. We will keep Canadians informed and help them understand and experience their world more fully for many years to come.

Thomson Reuters Corporation is a business data provider and was created by the Thomson Corporation's purchase of Reuters Group on 17 April 2008. Thomson Reuters is headquartered at 3 Times Square, Manhattan, New York City, New York, United States. The Woodbridge Company, a holding company for the Thomson family of Canada, owns 53% of the group, which operates in 100 countries, and has 60,000 employees. Thomson Reuters was ranked as Canada's "leading corporate brand" in the 2010 Interbrand Best Canadian Brands ranking. Thomson Reuters operates in two divisions: Professional and Markets.

The Company was founded by Roy Thomson in 1934 in Ontario as the publisher of The Timmins Daily Press. In 1953 Thomson acquired the Scotsman newspaper and moved to Scotland the following year. He consolidated his media position in Scotland in 1957 when he won the franchise for Scottish Television. In 1959 he bought the Kemsley Group, a purchase that eventually gave him control of the Sunday Times. He separately acquired the Times in 1967. He moved into the airline business in 1965, when he acquired Britannia Airways and into oil and gas exploration in 1971 when he participated in a consortium to exploit reserves in the North Sea. In the 1970s, following the death of Lord Thomson, the Company withdrew from media selling the Times, the Sunday Times and Scottish Television and instead moved into publishing, buying Sweet & Maxwell in 1988. In 1989, Thomson Newspapers was merged with The Thomson Corporation. In 1996 The Thomson Corporation effectively doubled its size and ensured future profitability by purchasing West Publishing, a purveyor of legal research and solutions including Westlaw.

Reuters Group

The Company was founded by Paul Julius Reuter in 1851 in London as a business transmitting stock market quotations. Reuter set up his "Submarine Telegraph" office in October 1851 and negotiated a contract with the London Stock Exchange to provide stock prices from the continental exchanges in return for access to London prices, which he then supplied to stockbrokers in Paris, France. In 1865, Reuters in London was the first organization to report the assassination of Abraham Lincoln. The company was involved in developing the use of radio in 1923. It was acquired by the British National & Provincial Press in 1941 and first listed on the London Stock Exchange in 1984. Reuters began to grow rapidly in the 1980s, widening the range of its business products and expanding its global reporting network for media, financial and economic services: key product launches included Equities 2000 (1987), Dealing 2000-2 (1992), Business Briefing (1994), Reuters Television for the financial markets (1994), 3000 Series (1996) and the Reuters 3000 Xtra service (1999).

Reuters, in full (since 2008) Thomson Reuters, news agencyfounded in Britain in 1851 that became one of the leading newswire services in the world. Its headquarters are in New York City.

The agency was established by Paul Julius Reuter, a former bank clerk who in 1847 became a partner in Reuter and Stargardt, a Berlin book-publishing firm. The firm distributed radical pamphlets at the beginning of the Revolutions of 1848, which may have brought official scrutiny on Reuter. Later that year he left for Paris, where he worked for a short time as a translator. In 1849 he initiated a prototype news service, using electric telegraphy as well as carrier pigeonsin his network. Upon moving to England, he launched Reuter’s Telegram Company two years later. The company was concerned with commercial news service at its inception and had headquarters in London serving banks, brokerage houses, and leading business firms.

The agency expanded steadily, and in 1858 its first newspaper client, the London Morning Advertiser, subscribed. Newspapers bulked ever larger in the Reuters clientele thereafter. The value of Reuters to newspapers lay not only in the financial news it provided but in its ability to be the first to report on stories of international importance, as in 1865 when the service broke the news of the assassination of U.S. Pres. Abraham Lincoln hours before its competitors.

Agency "ITAR-TASS". News Agency of Russia.

Founded - 1904
- About 200 service, the largest political, economic, social, cultural and sporting life of Russia and the world.
- Continuous flow of news in 6 languages: English, Russian, French, German, Spanish, Arabic.
- More than 500 correspondents in Russia and abroad.
- Russia's largest news agency, photo and graphics services, covering events in real time.

History

• Trade and Telegraph Agency, 1902-1904;
• The St. Petersburg Telegraph Agency (SPTA), 1904-1914;

• Petrograd Telegraph Agency (PTA), 1914-1918;

• Russian Telegraph Agency (ROSTA), 1918-1925;

• Telegraph Agency of the Soviet Union (TASS), 1925-1992 ;

• Information Telegraph agency of Russia (ITAR-TASS) in 1992.

TASS

Telegraph Agency of the Soviet Union (TASS) was founded July 10, 1925 by decision of the Presidium of the Central Executive Committee and the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR on the basis of the Russian Telegraph Agency. Has the exclusive right to distribute information about events outside the USSR. News agencies Soviet republics: Rata (Ukraine), BelTA UzTAG, KazTAG, Gruzinform, Azerinform, ELTA (Lithuania), ATEM (Moldova), Latinform, KirTAG, TadzhikTA Armenpress, TURKMENinform, ETA - organizational been part of his TASS. Established on the basis of the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation in January 1992 Information Telegraph agency of Russia (ITAR-TASS).

The Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) is Australia's national public broadcaster. With a total annual budget of A$1.18 billion, the corporation provides television, radio, online and mobile services throughout metropolitan and regional Australia, as well as overseas through the Australia Network and Radio Australia.

Founded in 1929 as the Australian Broadcasting Company, it was subsequently made a state-owned corporation on 1 July 1932, as the Australian Broadcasting Commission. The Australian Broadcasting Corporation Act 1983. changed the name of the organisation to the Australian Broadcasting Corporation, effective 1 July 1983. Although funded and owned by the government, the ABC remains editorially independent as ensured through the Australian Broadcasting Corporation Act 1983.

The ABC is sometimes informally referred to as "Aunty" originally in imitation of the BBC's nickname.

Al Jazeera; also Aljazeera or JSC (Jazeera Satellite Channel) is an independent broadcaster owned by the state of Qatar through the Qatar Media Corporation and headquartered in Doha, Qatar. Initially launched as an Arabic news and current affairs satellite TV channel, Al Jazeera has since expanded into a network with several outlets, including the Internet and specialty TV channelsin multiple languages. Al Jazeera is accessible in several world regions. Al Jazeera's first day on the air was 1 November 1996.

The original Al Jazeera channel's willingness to broadcast dissenting views, for example on call-inshows, created controversies in the Arab States of the Persian Gulf. The station gained worldwide attention following the outbreak of war in Afghanistan, when it was the only channel to cover the war live, from its office there.

In the 2000s, the network was praised by the Index on Censorship for circumventing censorship and contributing to the free exchange of information in the Arab world, and by the Webby Awards, who nominated it as one of the five best news web sites, along with BBC News, National Geographic and The Smoking Gun. It was also voted by brandchannel.com readers as the fifth most influential global brand behind Apple, Google, Ikea and Starbucks. In 2011 Salon.com noted Al Jazeera's coverage of the 2011 Egyptian protests as superior to that of the American news media, while U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton also opined that that network's news coverage was more informative, and less opinion-driven than American journalism.

Interfax (Russian) is a Russian governmental news agency based in Moscow.

The agency was established in 1989 by officials from the international service, Moscow Radio. It is part of the Interfax Information Service Group, a group of approximately 30 companies that consist of national, regional and branch information agencies under the Interfax name. It employs around 1,000 journalists and produces over 1,500 stories daily.

The organization concentrates on news concerning Europe and Asia and it has offices in London, New York, Frankfurt, Hong Kong, Shanghai, Beijing, Denver, Moscow, Warsaw, Budapest, Prague, Kiev, Minsk and Almaty.

 

<== предыдущая лекция | следующая лекция ==>
Особенности пластического деформирования при переменных температурах | Фонетический и фонологический анализ


Дата добавления: 2016-07-18; просмотров: 804; ЗАКАЗАТЬ НАПИСАНИЕ РАБОТЫ


Поиск по сайту:

Воспользовавшись поиском можно найти нужную информацию на сайте.

Поделитесь с друзьями:

Считаете данную информацию полезной, тогда расскажите друзьям в соц. сетях.
Poznayka.org - Познайка.Орг - 2016-2021 год. Материал предоставляется для ознакомительных и учебных целей. | Обратная связь
Генерация страницы за: 0.02 сек.