The position of English and its role in the world.
English is a widely distributed language originating in England that is currently the primary language of a number of countries. It is extensively used as a second language and as an official language in many other countries. English is the most widely taught and understood language in the world, and sometimes is described as a lingua franca- language, which is used for communication between the different groups of people each speaking indifferent language. It can be: --an international l-ge of communication(English), --native language of 1 of the groups(USSR),-- pidgin(have no native speakers).
Pidgin- language, which develops as a contact l-ge, when groups of people each speaking a different l-ge communicate with one anotheron a regular basis. Usually has limited vocabulary and reduced gramm.
English is currently the 2nd most commonly spoken language in the world. It has over 500 million speakers. It is behind only Mandarin, which has over 1 billion speakers. English is today the third most widely distributed language as a first spoken language in the world, after Mandarin and Hindi. Something around 600 million people use the various dialects of English regularly. About 377 million people use one of the versions of English as their mother tongue, and a similar number of people use one of them as their second or foreign language as well.
English is the dominant international language in communications, science, business, aviation, entertainment, diplomacy and the Internet. It has been one of the official languages of the United Nations since its founding in 1945 and is considered by many to be the universal language. 157 coutries of the world speak E. It is the 1 language in GB, Australia, the Bahams, Canada, Eire, Guyana, Jamaica,New Zealand, the US. It is the 2 lan-ge in India, Sri Lanca, Pakistan, Nepal, Israel, Sudan, Philippines…
English is the language most often studied as a foreign language in the European Union (by 89% of schoolchildren), followed by French (32%), German (18%), and Spanish (8%).  It is also the most studied in the People's Republic of China, Japan, South Korea and Taiwan. English is also compulsory for most secondary school students in the PRC and Taiwan.
English is used for airlines, 10000 newspapers are written in E.It is dominated in news, movies, music,. 75% telegrams and postcards, 80% computers. It is the lang. of progress. Because English is so widely spoken, it has often been referred to as a "global language", the lingua franca of the modern era. It is also, by international treaty, the official language for aircraft/airport and maritime communication, as well as being one of the official languages of both the European Union and the United Nations, and of most international athletic organizations, including the Olympic Committee. Books, magazines, and newspapers written in English are available in many countries around the world. English is also the most commonly used language in the sciences. In 1997, the Science Citation Index reported that 95% of its articles were written in English, even though only half of them came from authors in English-speaking countries.
Дата добавления: 2016-07-27; просмотров: 1951;